India has a widely acknowledged infrastructure deficit that successive governments have attempted to address. Smart highway systems and electronic tolling can reduce road-travel times by 10 to 15 percent. Radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags and other tracking technologies can raise the efficiency of ports and warehouses by 50 percent.
Sensors could help reduce water-system leakage by 15 to 20 percent. In construction, modern methods such as the use of pre-cast parts and project-management systems could help save $12 billion to $18 billion a year in costs by 2025 and help India build ten million affordable homes.
Together, infrastructure technologies can contribute $30 billion to $45 billion a year in value by 2025.